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网页编程语言有哪些

西安第五国际西安第五国际 录入时间 2021-03-25 阅读次数
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1、PHP开发语言,目前主流的网站开发语言。
1. 跨平台,性能优越,跟Linux/Unix结合别跟Windows结合性能强45%,开发成本低,
PHP最经典的组合就是:Linux + Apache + MySQL + PHP。非常适合开发中小型的web应用,因为上手容易,所以开发的速度比较快。而且所有的软件都是开源免费的,可以减少投入。
2. 语法简单,入门快,如果有其它语言基础的程序员二周左右的时间基本可以入门,并且跟ASP有部分类似。有成熟的开发工具,比如NuPHPed,或者Zend Studio等等,再Linux平台下可以使用Eclipse等等。
3. 目前主流技术都支持,比如WebService、Ajax、XML等等,足够应用。
4. 有比较完整的支持,比如使用ADODB或者PEAR::DB做数据库抽象层,用Smarty或者smart template做模板层,如果是PHP 5.1的话,还能够使用PDO(PHP Data Object)来访问数据库。
5. 有很多成熟的框架,比如支持MVC的框架:phpMVC,支持类似http://ASP.net的事件驱动的框架:Prado,支持类似Ruby On Rails的快速开发的框架:Cake等等,足够满足你的应用需求。
6. PHP 5已经有成熟的面向对象体系,能够适应基本的面向对象要求。适合开发大型项目。
7. 有成熟的社区来支持PHP的开发。
8. 目前已经很多大型应用都是使用PHP,比如淘宝网、Yahoo、163、Sina等等大型门户,很多选用PHP来作为他们的开发语言,所以大型门户都能够选用它,我想足够能够你的使用了。(据了解现在内部都在逐渐转向JAVA)
9. 有很多开源的框架或开源的系统可以使用,比如比较知名的开源框架有Zend Framework、CakePHP、CodeIgniter、symfony等,开源论坛有Discuz!、Phpwind等,开源博客 WordPress,开源网店系统如Ecshop、ShopEx等,开源的SNS系统如UCHome、ThinkSNS等。
PHP是解释性的脚本语言,写完代码以后即可以执行,不像c,java,c++等语言还需要去编译执行,相对来说比较节省时间。
10.相对来说,PHP程序员的薪水的平均工资要比c,c++,java程序员的平均工资要低一些,特别是对于中小型企业来说可以节约一些成本。
11.配置及部署相对简单一些,对比JAVA开发来说,JAVA开发的配置就复杂多了,什么Structs、Spring、Hibernate、Tomcat等等很多地方都需要配置,甚至你在程序中每写一个SQL语句都需要先在Hibernate中配置一下,有时重新部署一个class文件或jar文件还可能需要重启Web服务器(Tomcat或Resin或其它的Web服务器)使新部署的库文件生效。PHP开发中主要是PHP自身的配置文件及Web服务器的配置(如Apache或Nginx或Lighttpd等),相对于JAVA来说还是简单一些,而且新修改了文件以后不需要重新启动Web即可以立即生效。
12.有很多开源的框架或开源的系统可以使用,比如比较知名的开源框架有Zend Framework、CakePHP、CodeIgniter、symfony等,开源论坛有Discuz!、Phpwind等,开源博客WordPress,开源网店系统如Ecshop、ShopEx等,开源的SNS系统如UCHome、ThinkSNS等。

PHPSHIYIGEQIANTAODESUOXIEMINGCHENG,SHIYINGWEN“CHAOJIWENBENYUCHULIYUYAN”(PHP:Hypertext Preprocessor)DESUOXIE。PHPSHIYIZHONGHTMLNEIQIANSHIDEYUYAN,YUWEIRUANDEASPPOYOUJIFENXIANGSI,DOUSHIYIZHONGZAIFUWUQIDUANZHIXINGDE“QIANRUHTMLWENDANGDEJIAOBENYUYAN”,YUYANDEFENGGEYOULEISIYUCYUYAN,XIANZAIBEIHENDUODEWANGZHANBIANCHENGRENYUANGUANGFANDEYUNYONG。

PHPDUTEDEYUFAHUNHELEC、Java、PerlYIJIPHPZICHUANGXINDEYUFA。TAKEYIBICGIHUOZHEPerlGENGKUAISUDEZHIXINGDONGTAIWANGYE。YONGPHPZUOCHUDEDONGTAIYEMIANYUQITADEBIANCHENGYUYANXIANGBI,PHPSHIJIANGCHENGXUQIANRUDAOHTMLWENDANGZHONGQUZHIXING,ZHIXINGXIAOLVBIWANQUANSHENGCHENGHTMLBIAOJIDECGIYAOGAOXUDUO;YUTONGYANGSHIQIANRUHTMLWENDANGDEJIAOBENYUYAN XIANGBI,PHPZAIFUWUQIDUANZHIXING,CHENGFENLIYONGLEFUWUQIDEXINGNENG;PHPZHIXINGYINQINGHAIHUIJIANGYONGHUJINGCHANGFANGWENDEPHPCHENGXUZHULIUZAINEICUNZHONG,QITAYONGHUZAIYICIFANGWENZHEIGECHENGXUSHIJIUBUXUYAOCHENGXINBIANYICHENGXULE,ZHIYAOZHIJIEZHIXINGNEICUNZHONGDEDAIMAJIUKEYILE,ZHEIYESHIPHPGAOXIAOLVDETIXIANZHIYI。

PHPJUYOUFEICHANGQIANGDADEGONGNENG,SUOYOUDECGIHUOZHE DEGONGNENGPHPDOUNENGSHIXIAN,ERQIEZHICHIJIHUSUOYOULIUXINGDESHUJUKUYIJICAOZUOXITONG。

2.ASPYUASP.NET

ASPSHIWEIRUANGONGSITUICHUDEYITUQUDAICGIDEXINJISHU。TONGGUOTA,YONGHUKEYISHIYONGJIHUSUOYOUDEKAIFAGONGJULAICHUANGJIANHEYUNXINGJIAOHUSHIDEDONGTAIWANGYE,RUFANKUIBIAODANDEXINXISHOUJICHULI、WENJIANSHANGCHUANYUXIAZAI、LIAOTIANSHI、LUNTANDENGDENG,SHIXIANLECGICHENGXUDEGONGNENGJIESHIYOUBICGIJIANDAN,ERQIERONGYIXUEXI。

YOUYUASPSHIYONGJIYUKAIFANGSHEJIHUANJINGDEActive XJISHU,YONGHUKEYIZIJIDINGYIHEZHIZUOZUJIANJIARUQIZHONG,SHIZIJIDEDONGTAIWANGYEJUYOUJIHUWUXIANDEKUOCHONGNENGLI。TAHAIKELIYONGADO(Active Data ,WEIRUANDEYIZHONGXINDESHUJUFANGWENMOXING)FANGBIANDIFANGWENSHUJUKU,NENGHENHAODIDUISHUJUJINXINGCHULI。JIEWINDOWS DONGFENG,ASPDEDAOLEZHANGZUDEFAZHAN。

3.JSP

JSP(Java Server Pages,JavaFUWUQIYEMIAN)SHIZAISun MicrosystemsGONGSIDECHANGDAOXIA,YOUXUDUOGONGSIGONGTONGCANYUJIANLIDEYIZHONGXINDEDONGTAIWANGYEJISHUBIAOZHUN。TAZAIDONGTAIWANGYEDEJIANSHEFANGMIANJUYOUQIANGDAERTESHUDEGONGNENG。SunGONGSIYINGYONGZUJIAN“JavaSHETUAN”DESIXIANGKAIFAJSPJISHU。

ZAIKAIFAJSPGUIFANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,SunGONGSIYUXUDUOZHUYAODEWebFUWUQI、WebYINGYONGFUWUQIHEKAIFAGONGJUGONGYINGSHANG,YIJIGEZHONGGEYANGFUYOUJINGYANDEKAIFATUANTIJINXINGHEZUO,ZHAODAOLEYIZHONGSHIHEYUYINGYONGHEYEMIANKAIFARENYUANDEKAIFAFANGFA,TAJUYOUJIJIADEKEYIZHIXINGHEYIYONGXING。ZHENDUIJSPDECHANPIN,SunGONGSISHOUQUANYUGONGJUTIGONGSHANG(RUMacromedia)、JIEMENGGONGSI(RUApache,Netscape)、ZUIZHONGYONGHU、XIEZUOSHANGJIQITAREN。

ZUIJIN,SunGONGSIJIANGZUIXINBANBENDEJSPHEJava Servlet(JSP 1.1,Java Servlet 2.2)DEYUANDAIMAFAFANGJIApache,YIQIUJSPHEApacheJINMIJIEHE、GONGTONGFAZHAN。Apache,SunGONGSIHEXUDUOQITADEGONGSIJIGERENGONGKAICHENGLIDEZIXUNJIGOUGENGNENGFANGBIANRENHEGONGSIHEGERENMIANFEIQUDEXINXI。

4.Java

JavaSHIYIGEYOUSunGONGSIKAIFAERCHENGDEXINYIDAIBIANCHENGYUYAN。SHIJINNIANLAIHENLIUXINGDEYIZHONGWANGLUOBIANCHENGYUYAN,TAYOUCYUYANFAZHANERLAI,SHIWANQUANMIANXIANGDUIXIANGDEYUYAN。ZAIYUWANGLUODERONGHEZHONG,YIXIANXIANCHUTADEQIANGDASHENGMINGLIHEGUANGKUODEQIANJING。

JavaDEYUFAJIANLIAN,XUEXIHEZHANGWOBIJIAORONGYI,SHIYONGTAKEZAIGESHIGEYANGBUTONGZHONGJIQI、BUTONGZHONGCAOZUOPINGTAIDEWANGLUOHUANJINGZHONGKAIFARUANJIAN。JavaZHENGZAIZHUBUCHENGWEIInternetYINGYONGDEZHUYAOKAIFAYUYAN。TACHEDIGAIBIANLEYINGYONGRUANJIANDEKAIFAMOSHI,DAILAILEZIPCJIYILAIYOUYICIJISHUGEMING,WEIXUNSUFAZHANDEXINXISHIJIEZENGTIANLEXINDEHUOLI。

NINZAIBIANCHENGSHIJIANZHONGSHIFOUCHANGCHANGPENGDAOYAOWEIBUTONGDEXITONGPINGTAIZHONGFUBIANCHENG(BIRUWEIWindowsXITONGSHEJIYITAOCHENGXU,UNIXXITONGSHEJIYITAOCHENGXU)?Sun MicrosystemsGONGSIDEJavaYUYANYIQI”YICIBIANCHENG,DAOCHUZHIXING”DEJISHUYOUSHI,GUANGFANYINGYONGYUInternetJISUANJIHUANJINGXIADEBIANCHENGYINGYONG,BIMIANNINZHENDUIBUTONGDEXITONGPINGTAIZHONGFUBIANCHENG,JIANSHAONINDEQIYEDEKAIFACHENGBEN。

5.Python

SHIYIZHONGKUAPINGTAIDEKAIFAYUYAN,TAKEYIYUNXINGZAIYIZHIDEGEZHONGCAOZUOXITONGZHISHANG,BAOKUOwindows、Mac OS、Unix、BSD、PalmDENG。pythonSHIYIZHONGZHICHIKUOZHANDEKAIFAYUYAN,ZHUYAODEKUOZHANBIANZHONGYOUCPython、JPython、PerlPython。TAMENFENBIESHIYONGC、Java、PerlZUOTADEKUOZHANJIEKOUJICHUHUANJINGDE。

GENGZHUNQUEDESHUO,PythonYEKEYISHIYIZHONGKUAYUYANDEYUYAN。

6.CGI

CGI(common Gateway Interface,GONGGONGWANGGUANJIEKOU)YANGEYIYISHANGLAISHUOBINGBUSUANYIZHONGWANGYEBIANCHENGYUYAN。CGISHIXINXIFUWUQIZHUJIDUIWAIXINXIFUWUDEBIAOZHUNJIEKOU,WEILEXIANGKEHUDUANTIGONGDONGTAIXINXIERZHIDING。TONGGUOZHUANMENBIANXIECGIJIAOBENCHENGXU(ZAICGIKONGZHIXIAYUNXINGDECHENGXU,TONGCHANGCHENGWEICGICHENGXU),BUJINKEYISHENGCHENGJINGTAIDENEIRONG,ERQIEKEYISHENGCHENGWANQUANWUFAYUJIANDEDONGTAIDENEIRONG!BIRUYAHU、SOUHUDENGSOUSUOYINQINGTIGONGDEQIANGDASOUSUOGONGNENGBIANSHILIYONGCGISHIXIANDE。

CGIJIAOBENCHENGXUKEYIYONGC、C++DENGYUYANZAIDUOZHONGPINGTAISHANGJINXINGKAIFA。WUXUTAIDAXIUGAIJIUKEYICONGYIGEPINGTAIYIZHIDAOLINGYIGEPINGTAISHANGYUNXING,JUYOUHENHAODEJIANRONGXING。

7.Perl

PerlSHIPractical Extraction and Report Language(SHIYONGZHAILUHEBAOGAOYUYAN)DESUOXIE,YOULarry WallYU1986NIANKAIFACHENGGONG。DANGCHUDEMUDEZHUYAOSHIUnixHUANJINGXIACONGDUOGEWENBENWENJIANZHONGCHANSHENGBAOBIAO,HOULAICHENGWEIXUDUOCHENGXUYUANGONGJUXIANGZHONGZUISHOUHUANYINGDEGONGJU,QIFAZHANSUDUHEUnixNEIHEDECHENGZHANGSUDUXIANGFANG。

XIANZAIPerlYIJINGFAZHANDAO5.0BANBEN,BINGYIZHIDAOLEGEZHONGPINGTAI。

【BANQUANSHENGMING】:BENZHANNEIRONGLAIZIYUYUHULIANWANG(ZHUMINGYUANCHUANGGAOJIANCHUWAI),GONGFANGKEMIANFEIXUEXIXUYAO。RUWENZHANGHUOTUXIANGQINFANDAONINDEQUANYI,QINGJISHIGAOZHI,WOMENDIYISHIJIANSHANCHUCHULI!XIEXIE!

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